Paper One 试卷一
Part I Listening Comprehension
Part II Vocabulary
16. Some teenagers harbor a generalized resentment against society, which _______ them the rights and privileges of adults, although physically they are mature.
A. rejects B. denies C. deprives D. restricts
17. There′s little chance that mankind would ________ a nuclear war.
A. retain B. endure C. maintain D. survive
18. His long service with the company was ________ with a present.
A. admitted B. acknowledged C. attributed D. accepted
19. The story that follows ________ two famous characters of the Rocky Mountain gold rush days.
A. relates B. states C. concerns D. proclaims
20. China started its nuclear power industry only in recent years, and should ________no time in catching up.
A. lag B. lose C. delay D. lessen
21. His parents began to ________ a small sum of money every month for his college education when he was still a little child.
A. put up B. lay down C. set aside D. place apart
22. You really ought to ________; all these late nights are doing you no good .
A. bring down B. slow down C. pull through D. pass through
23. When he noticed that no one was interested, Ned ________ talking about the film.
A. left off B. worked on C. set down D. sized up ′
24.The reason he has been such a success is ________ he never gives up.
A. as B. that: C. since D. because
25. A man escaped from prison last night. It was a long time________ the guards discovered what had happened.
A. until B. before C. since D. when
26. No other work is more important right now ________ prevent the spread of this disease.
A. as to B. than to C. as D. than
27.A man cannot be really happy if________ he enjoys doing is ignored by society as of no value.
A. what B. when C. that D. all what
28. The recipe said to use butter, but as we′d run out we had to_______ with milk.
A. do away B. make do C. make up D. make up to it
29. Its importance has been _______ me very strongly.
A. brought into action B. brought home to C. brought to mind D. brought to light
30. Mex, a student of Chinese literature from Australia, is very_______ Beijing opera.
A. fond in B. fond for C. keen for D. keen on
31. Age had (withered) the pretty lady′s face
A. destroyed B. hurt C. made decrepit D. Necked
32. Their request was (absurd) and consequently rejected.
A. ridiculous B. excessive . C. feasible D. Harsh
33. He was given imprisonment without the (option of) a fine.
A. punishment B. request C. freedom to choose D. Demand
34. It usually takes some time to (get over) the shock of sb′s death
A. overcome B. do without C. ignore D. deal with
35. They (accorded ) due praise to him for exceeding his fellow workers in production .
A. matched B. sublimed C. awarded D. revealed
Part III Reading Comprehension
In 1967, in response to widespread public concern aroused by medical reports of asbestos-related deaths, the National Medical Research Council organised a committee of enquiry to investigate the health threats associated with the use of asbestos in the building industry.
After examining evidences provided by medical researchers and building workers and management, the Council published a report which included advice for dealing with asbestos. The report confirmed the findings of similar research in the United States and Canada Exposure to relatively small quantities of asbestos fibres, they concluded, was directly responsible for the development of cancers, asbestosis and related diseases. Taking into account evidence provided by economists and building industry management, however, the report assumed that despite the availability of other materials, asbestos would continue to play a major role in the British building industry for many years to come because of its availability and low cost.
As a result, the council gave a series of recommendations which were intended to reduce the risks to those who might be exposed to as best as in working environments. They recommended that, where possible, asbestos-free materials should be employed. In cases where asbestos was employed, it was recommended that it should be used in such a way that loose fibres were less likely to enter the air. The report recommended that special care should be taken during work in environments which contain asbestos. Workers should wear protective equipment and take special care to remove dust from the environment and clothing with the use of vacuum cleaners.
The report identified five factors which determine the level of risk involved. The state and type of" asbestos is critical to determining the risk factors. In addition, dust formation was found to be limited where the asbestos was used when wet rather than dry.
The choice of tools was also found to affect the quantities of asbestos particles that enter the air. Machine tools produce greater quantities of dust than hand tools and, where possible, the use of the latter was recommended.
A critical factor which takes place in risk reduction is the adequate ventilation of the working environment. When work takes place in an enclosed space, more asbestos particles circulate and it was therefore recommended that natural or machine ventilation should be used. By closely following these advice, it was claimed that exposure can be reduced to a reasonably practical minimum .
36. Exposure to asbestos fibres can cause cancer _______.
A. only when asbestos is used in building industry.
B. only when it is used in large quantities.
C. even if it is used in small quantities.
D. if they are used when wet rather than dry.
37. Exposure to asbestos fibres is harmful to people′s health
A. so the use of asbestos is limited.
B. but asbestos will continue to be used for a long time to come.
C. so other new kinds of materials are under development.
D. but the)′ will not be so when ventilation devices are used
38. It can be inferred from the passage that the real danger comes from _______.
A. the 3sbestos dust that people take in
B. the contact of the worker′s skin with asbestos particles
C. the inferior quality of the asbestos itself
D. the excessive use of man-made asbestos material
39. Evidence from the economists and the building industries shows that _______.
A. exposure to asbestos fibres is cancer causing
B. asbestos is in extensive use in building industry
C. use of asbestos is being reduced gradually
D. exposure to asbestos fibres can be reduced significantly